Discover Jordan's Nature & Cultural Heritage

Jordan Valley

Jordan Valley lies at the northern end of the East African Rift Valley. After descending to the Dead Sea it reaches the level of 400 meters below sea level, which is the lowest point on the surface of the earth. The valley is typically Mediterranean, with mild winters and hot summers. Because of the low elevation, it is a natural greenhouse, rich in minerals and in water from the sloping steep wadis (valleys) on both its sides.

In ancient times, the Jordan Valley was one of the most fertile places in the Middle East, and some of the world’s oldest civilizations sprang from this soil. Today a vast network of dams and canals irrigate the region. Signs of life are everywhere. Driving through, especially in spring, you see a soft blanket of wheat, flowers and vegetable gardens.